Balm


Balm
   Contracted from Bal'sam, a general name for many oily or resinous substances which flow or trickle from certain trees or plants when an incision is made through the bark.
   1) This word occurs in the Authorized Version (Gen. 37:25; 43:11; Jer. 8:22; 46:11; 51:8; Ezek. 27:17) as the rendering of the Hebrew word tsori_ or _tseri, which denotes the gum of a tree growing in Gilead (q.v.), which is very precious. It was celebrated for its medicinal qualities, and was circulated as an article of merchandise by Arab and Phoenician merchants. The shrub so named was highly valued, and was almost peculiar to Palestine. In the time of Josephus it was cultivated in the neighbourhood of Jericho and the Dead Sea. There is an Arab tradition that the tree yielding this balm was brought by the queen of Sheba as a present to Solomon, and that he planted it in his gardens at Jericho.
   2) There is another Hebrew word, basam_ or _bosem, from which our word "balsam," as well as the corresponding Greek balsamon, is derived. It is rendered "spice" (Cant. 5:1, 13; 6:2; margin of Revised Version, "balsam;" Ex. 35:28; 1 Kings 10:10), and denotes fragrance in general. Basam also denotes the true balsam-plant, a native of South Arabia (Cant. l.c.).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Balm — (keltisch Höhle, Grotte, Felswand) bezeichnet: Balm (Adelsgeschlecht), bis 1308 die Freiherren der Herrschaft Balm mit der damaligen Burg und heutigen Ruine Balm (Balm bei Günsberg). Ruine Balm, eine Felsenburg bei Balm bei Günsberg Burg Balm bei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • balm´i|ly — balm|y1 «BAH mee», adjective, balm|i|er, balm|i|est. 1. mild; gentle: »A balmy breeze blew across the lake. SYNONYM( …   Useful english dictionary

  • balm|y — balm|y1 «BAH mee», adjective, balm|i|er, balm|i|est. 1. mild; gentle: »A balmy breeze blew across the lake. SYNONYM( …   Useful english dictionary

  • Balm — (b[aum]m), n. [OE. baume, OF. bausme, basme, F. baume, L. balsamum balsam, from Gr. ba lsamon; perhaps of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. b[=a]s[=a]m. Cf. {Balsam}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) An aromatic plant of the genus {Melissa}. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Balm — can refer to: *Liniment, a topical medical preparation * Melissa (plant), a plant genus, particularly the species commonly known as Lemon balm *Balm of Gilead, a medicinal resin from the North American species Populus candicans *Balsam of Mecca… …   Wikipedia

  • balm — balm; balm·i·ly; balm·i·ness; em·balm; em·balm·er; em·balm·ment; …   English syllables

  • balm — [ba:m US ba:m, ba:lm] n [U and C] [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: baume, from Latin balsamum; BALSAM] 1.) an oily liquid with a strong pleasant smell that you rub into your skin, often to reduce pain ▪ lip balm 2.) literary something that …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Balm — (Мегген,Швейцария) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Balmstr. 3, 6045 Мегген, Швейцария …   Каталог отелей

  • Balm — Balm, v. t. To anoint with balm, or with anything medicinal. Hence: To soothe; to mitigate. [Archaic] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • balm — [bäm; ] occas. [ bälm] n. [ME baume < OFr basme < L balsamum, balsam < Gr balsamon < Sem (cf. Heb basam, Ar bašām] 1. an aromatic gum resin obtained from certain trees and plants (esp. genus Commiphora of the bursera family) and used… …   English World dictionary

  • balm — early 13c., basme, aromatic substance made from resins and oils, from O.Fr. basme (Mod.Fr. baume), from L. balsamum, from Gk. balsamon balsam, from Heb. basam spice, related to Aramaic busma, Arabic basham balsam, spice, perfume. Spelling… …   Etymology dictionary